GET: fe'l va uning hosilalari

GET: fe'l va uning hosilalari

Omina Sharipova 31-05-2020

Noto'g'ri " get" fe'lining 3 shakli mavjudligini yodda tutish kerak. Kanada va Amerika uchun: "get - got - gotten"; Britaniya inglizlari va boshqalar uchun: "get - got - got".

  • 136
  • 0

Ingliz tili haqiqatan ham parazitlarning tili. Verb get ingliz tilidagi eng keng tarqalgan fe'llardan biri hisoblanadi. Ammo, bu nafaqat turli xil ma'nolarda alohida fe'l sifatida ishlatiladi, balki ko'plab predloglar bilan birlashtirilib, masalan, "get up" fe'lli fe'llarni hosil qiladi. Shunday qilib, fe'l bitta ekanligi ayon bo'ladi, ammo ko'p ma'no bor. Aslida bu dangasa fe'l haqida biz bugun gaplashamiz. Let's get started!

Get zamon fe’llarida

Simple Tenses
Present: I, YOU, WE, THEY + GET // IT, HE, SHE + GETS
Past: I, YOU, IT, HE, SHE, WE, THEY + GOT
Future: I, YOU, IT, HE, SHE, WE, THEY + WILL + GET

Continuous Tenses
Present: I AM // IT, HE, SHE IS // YOU, WE, THEY ARE + GETTING
Past: I, IT, HE, SHE WAS // YOU, WE, THEY WERE + GETTING
Future: I, YOU, IT, HE, SHE, WE, THEY + WILL BE + GETTING

Perfect Tenses
Present: I, YOU, WE, THEY HAVE // IT, HE, SHE HAS + GOT (GOTTEN)
Past: I, YOU, IT, HE, SHE, WE, THEY HAD + GOT (GOTTEN)
Future: I, YOU, IT, HE, SHE, WE, THEY + WILL + HAVE GOT (GOTTEN)

Perfect Continuous Tenses
Present: I, YOU, WE, THEY HAVE // IT, HE, SHE HAS + BEEN GETTING
Past: I, YOU, IT, HE, SHE, WE, THEY HAD + BEEN GETTING
Future: I, YOU, IT, HE, SHE, WE, THEY + WILL + HAVE BEEN GETTING

 

have got & has got fe'li

Present Perfect vaqtinchalik shaklida "get" shuningdek "have - bor va ega" degan ma'noda ishlatiladi. Bu kimningdir narsasi, do'sti yoki qarindoshi va boshqalar borligini ko'rsatadi. Quyidagi fe'lning shakllari quyidagilar:

I have got a new smartphone - Menda yangi smartfon bor

Jennifer has got a charming smile - Jenniferning maftunkor tabassumi bor Have your parents got an apartment in LA? - ota onangizda LA da kvartirasi bormi? 

Garchi "have" so'zi ham Amerikada ishlatilagan bo'lsa-da, u ko'pincha Britaniya ingliz tilisida qo'llaniladi. Noto'g'ri " get" fe'lining 3 shakli mavjudligini yodda tutish kerak. Kanada va Amerika uchun: "get - got - gotten"; Britaniya inglizlari va boshqalar uchun: "get - got - got". Biroq, shunga qaramay, Amerikada "got" aniq "have got" so'zida ishlatiladi, boshqa holatlarda esa "gotten" ishlatilgan.

Get bilan frazeologik ibora

To get + 

 

Down - 1) pastga, engashmoq; 2) tushkunlikka tushmoq, yomonlashmoq.

Jessica has been suffering from depression for a week already, stop getting her down even more. - Jessika bir haftadan beri depressiyadan aziyat chekmoqda, uni depressiyaga ko'proq kiritmang.

Over- 1) yengmoq, davolamoq, tiklanmoq; 2) yo'naltirmoq, kesib o'tmoq; 3) tashqi ko'rinish.

That's not a piece of cake to get over it, Tom! - Shundan keyin tuzalish oson emas, Tom!

At - 1) erishish, olish; 2) o'tish; 3) taklif qilish, aytishga harakat qilish.

We can't understand what they are getting at. - Biz nima demoqchi ekanliklarini tushunmayapmiz.

On - 1) yashash uchun; 2) o'tirish (transport); 3) davom etish, kimgadir biror narsa qilishni eslatib qo'yish.

My elder sister gets on the train at 10 a.m. every Monday. - Mening katta opam har dushanba soat 10 da poezdga keladi.

Across - 1) yengib o'tmoq; 2) aloqa qilmoq; 3) tushuntirib bermoq

Alice is fluent in Albanian, however she doesn't get across. - Elis alban tilida ravon gapiradi, ammo u aniq aytmaydi.

Down to - 1) erishish; 2) biron bir ish uchun jiddiy o'tirish; 3) o'zi xohlamagan yoki biron bir holatga qarab qila olmagan ishni qilishni boshlash.

All colleagues have to get down to the important project. - Barcha hamkasblar muhim loyihaga o'tishlari kerak.

Out of - 1) oldini olish; 2) chiqmoq, chiqmoq (transport); 3) bilib olmoq, mashhur bo'lmoq.

Get out of there right now, Chris! - Hozir u erdan ket, Kris!

Ahead- muvaffaqiyatga, olg'a.

Do you know any hacks on how to get ahead in graphic design?? - Grafik dizaynda muvaffaqiyat qozonish uchun foydali maslahatlarni bilasizmi?

Away - 1) chiqib ketmoq, birovdan / narsadan uzoqlashmoq; 2) sizni ta'qib qilayotgan odamdan yashirinish; 3) dam olmoq.

Hey, get away from me! You are freaking me out - Hey, mendan uzoq tur! Sen meni qo'rqityapsan.

On with/along - birga bo'lmoq, kimdir bilan do'stona / iliq munosabatda bo'lmoq.

Unfortunately, we cannot get along with our neighbours - Afsuski, biz qo'shnilarimiz bilan til topolmayapmiz.

Around - 1) mashhur bo'lmoq, tarqalmoq; 2) u bilan shug'ullanmaslik uchun qiyin yoki yoqimsiz vaziyatdan qochish yo'lini topish.

My wife was born in a tiny town, where gossips got around really fast. - Xotinim mitti shaharchada tug'ilgan, u yerda mish-mishlar juda tez tarqaladi.

Funky - dam olmoq, quvnoq bo'lmoq.

Somebody turn that boombox on, cuz it's time to get funky! - Kimdir bu bamboksni tepib yubordi, chunki dam olish vaqti keldi!

Up – 1) turmoq, ko'tarilmoq; 2) kiyinish, tarash, bo'yanish, go'zallashmoq.

Shane is planning to get up early and bump some walkers. - Sheyn erta turishni va bir necha piyoda otishni rejalashtirmoqda.

Shunday qilib, biz "get" fe'lining turli ma'nolarini turg'un iboralar, ko'ngilochar idiomalar va frazal iboralarni tahlil qildik. O'zingizning ingliz tilingizni yorqin so'zlar bilan boyiting va zavq bilan ushbu tilni o'rganing. We are here to help you with it!

Fikrlar